Death is a subject many of us prefer to avoid, but it’s an inevitable part of life. While contemplating our own mortality may be uncomfortable, it’s essential to plan for the inevitable, especially when it comes to your assets’ distribution and your loved ones’ well-being. One common misconception is that only the wealthy need a will or trust.

In reality, everyone should consider these essential estate planning documents. However, if you die without a will or trust, specific laws and rules, known as intestacy laws, come into play.

This article will explore five crucial things you must know if you pass away without a last will and testament.

1. State Laws Determine Asset Distribution

If you die without a last will, your assets will be distributed according to your state’s intestacy laws. These laws vary from state to state, dictating who inherits your property and in what proportions.

Your surviving spouse and children are prioritized, but the specifics can vary widely. Without a trust or will or a legally binding document outlining your wishes, the state will make these decisions for you.

In some cases, this distribution may need to align with your intentions. For instance, without a will, your assets could end up in the hands of distant relatives you’ve never met or even the state itself. Creating a will that reflects your wishes is essential to ensuring your assets go to the individuals or causes you care about.

2. Minor Children’s Guardianship

The court will appoint a guardian if you have minor children and die intestate. The court’s decision may not necessarily align with your preferences, which can be distressing for your loved ones. By creating a will, you can designate a guardian of your choice, someone you trust to care for your children and raise them in the manner you wish.

Selecting a guardian is a critical decision, and it should involve thoughtful consideration and open communication with the chosen guardian to ensure they are willing and able to fulfill this responsibility.

3. Time-Consuming and Costly Probate Process

Dying intestate can lead to a lengthy and costly legal process known as probate. Probate involves validating your will (if you have one), determining the rightful heirs, and distributing your assets accordingly.

Without a will, the court must appoint an administrator to oversee this process, which can be complex and time-consuming.

Probate can also be expensive, as court fees, legal costs, and administrative expenses can significantly reduce the value of your estate. In contrast, with a well-drafted will, you can streamline the distribution of your assets, potentially saving your loved ones both time and money during an already emotionally challenging period.

4. No Control Over Your Legacy

Dying without a will or trust means relinquishing control over your legacy. You won’t have a say in who inherits your assets, how they are used, or what charitable causes you support. Estate planning allows you to leave a lasting impact and ensure that your assets are used in ways that align with your values and wishes.

For example, leave a portion of your estate to a specific charity, set up a scholarship fund, or designate certain family heirlooms to be passed down through generations. With proper estate planning, these desires may be fulfilled.

5. Family Conflicts and Stress

One of the most significant challenges of dying intestate is the potential for family conflicts and stress. When there is ambiguity about asset distribution, it can lead to disagreements among surviving family members, creating rifts that may never heal.

Such conflicts can escalate quickly, causing emotional strain and further complicating the situation. Creating a clear and legally binding plan will help prevent family disputes by providing a definitive plan for asset distribution. It allows you to communicate your intentions to your loved ones, reducing the likelihood of misunderstandings and conflicts.

Why Hire a Probate Lawyer?

There are several compelling reasons to do so. They have the legal expertise to navigate complex trust or will and probate laws, reducing stress during a challenging time. They prevent costly errors in legal documents and mediate disputes among beneficiaries.

Additionally, probate lawyers manage debts and creditors, safeguard vulnerable beneficiaries, ensure efficient asset distribution, and address tax matters. Most importantly, they provide peace of mind.

Whether you’re an executor or beneficiary, a probate attorney streamlines the process, minimizes complications, and ensures the deceased’s wishes are respected, making the probate process smoother and more manageable.

will or trust

Take the First Step Toward Peace of Mind

While it’s uncomfortable to contemplate our own mortality, estate planning is a responsible and caring step. Dying intestate can lead to many complications, including unpredictable asset distribution, guardianship decisions, a costly probate process, a lack of control over your legacy, and family conflicts.

Ensure your assets are protected and distributed as you wish. Trust the expertise of Cristy J. Carbón-Gaul, a seasoned probate lawyer, to guide you through this essential process. Don’t leave your legacy to chance — let Cristy provide the legal support and peace of mind you deserve. She can help you write your wishes on paper by drawing a will or trust.

Contact us today to safeguard your family’s financial future.